Boudh was a sub-division of the erstwhile Boudh-Kandhamal District. On 2nd January 1994, it became the district headquarters of a separate district called Boudh that was carved out of the Boudh-Kandhamal district.
Earlier the consolidated Judgeship of Kandhamal-Boudh and Phulbani was part of the undivided Judgeship of Ganjam.
The judgeship of Kandhamal-Boudh and Phulbani was separated from the undivided Judgeship of Ganjam-Berhampur on 11th August,1984.The Boudh judgeship was finally separated from Kandhamal-Boudh and began operating with effect from 6th October, 2012.
The construction of the new court building began on 24th October, 2014 and was completed on 2nd December, 2018 at a cost of Rs.15.32 crores. The work was entrusted to R & B for the construction of the 3rd floor in the Court Building. There are 11 Court rooms in the building. The other facilities available in the building include a ramp, wheelchairs for the physically handicapped and elderly, lift, power backup facilities.
The new court building of the JMFC, Harbhanga at Charichhak constructed by the OSPH & WC at an estimated cost of Rs.8.29 crores was inaugurated on 29th November, 2021.
The residential accommodation of B type quarters for the Addl. District Judge at Boudh is being constructed by OSPH & WC.
Shri Arabinda Kumar Guru was the District and Sessions Judge till 31st January, 2021; Ms. Pratima Panda from 1st February till 30th November, 2021.
Shri Bikram Kumar Pradhan took over on 1st December, 2021.